This chapter contains the prayer of Jabez – made much of, today, in certain Christian circles. The example of Jabez is informative for the returning exiles and for us in this: the tribes of Israel needed to grow and expand. Jabez did not look to worldly wisdom to attain this end, but he looked to God for His blessing.
Another couple of lists of people. Chapter 3 has the royal line all the way to those returning from exile. You can see it follows the _line_ rather than actual biology. v16, we know Zedekiah was Jeconiah’s uncle for example, not his son.
Stuart Snr points to the prayer of Jabez in ch 2 v10, “Oh that you would bless me and enlarge my border, and that you hand might be with me, and that you would keep me from harm so that it might not bring me pain!”
So Chronicles were written for the returning exiles. That’s a really important point.
That truth adds further meaning to the lists of people, the genealogies. They are to encourage the exiles as they return. When they see the ruin of Israel, of the temple, of Jerusalem, these lists would remind them of God at work for their good through thousands of years.
And so they are of importance to us in the same way. We can see God at work here, which encourages us in our own walk, knowing that He has been at work for thousands of years, and will continue to be at work. That His Sovereign will cannot be thwarted (which is why it’s super important to know His will, to know why the people were in exile, to understand why Jesus had to come).
And His will for us, His people, is goodness!
This is good to be reminded of, and a good thing to praise God for.